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Pool Cues: How They are Made. ~ Kim Walker {Part 1}

Most pool players have seen the many different pool cues used by players everywhere.

Pool cues are different length, different weight, different diameters, and are mostly made from wood but, many other materials have been used. I intend to build a pool cue and show exactly how it is done, by me.

I say “by me” because there are many ways to build a pool cue. Some ways are better than others, but I will show you my way. I will show you with pictures and explanations exactly how it is done, from start to finish.

But before we begin, I will tell you a little about myself. I retired a few years ago after a long career of electronic repair, mechanical repair, and technical training. Since I play pool and I thought that I could build a pool cue. What did I know? I was like many other pool players.

I thought that you throw a piece of wood in a lathe and you whip out a pool cue in no time. How hard could it be, it’s just round wood? I wasn’t doing this very long before I came to see the big revelation.

A simple Merry Widow or Plain Jane cue can have as much as 25 hours of build time in it. The task of building cues is a never ending learning experience. It involves a myriad of intricate techniques, methods, procedures, and abilities. I am far from knowing it all. I feel that I have just scratched the surface.

In the beginning, I thought that I would build myself a few cues and build a few extra and peddle them off at the local pool hall and maybe this would pay for my cues too. The truth is that I am still losing money. I now have about $20,000 worth of tools and material but I still haven’t made a profit. I tell people “I’m not making a profit but, I’m losing less.”

I built myself a few cues and some of the local league players asked about them when they saw me playing with them. A few of the best players in town offered to buy a cue if I customized them to their specs. So I made a few, using my best skills, materials, and techniques (at the time). They were well liked because, it seems that my methods produce a cue with a nice hit.

I like to feel the cue strike the cue ball. I like the feed back you get when the vibration transfers down the shaft to the butt and to you hand.

Evidently, so did they.

My first customers talked up my cues with other players I have never advertised my cues in any way. Before I had been building cues for 6 months, I had a back log of about 20 cues and back log has never been less than 20 for 3 years.

I’ve said enough about me. Let’s build a pool cue.

1. First we need the materials that will be used to build it.

Pool Cues
  1. an 18 in long by 1 1⁄2 square piece of Curly Maple

  2. an 18 in long by 1 1⁄2 square piece of Gaboon Ebony

  3. sheets of dyed veneers for the points and the rings

  4. a 1 in long Juma ferrule

  5.  a G10 3/8-10 joint screw

  6.  a 1⁄2 in diameter and 2 in long phenolic shaft insert

  7. a rubber bumper

  8.  a 3/8-16 weight screw

  9.  a Ultra Skin medium tip

  10.  a 12 in long by 1 in diameter round black Juma

  11. a 12 in long by 1 3/8 in diameter round black Juma

  12. 2 Gaboon Ebony 1 in square by 12 in long for points

  13. a rough tapered 30 in hard maple shaft dowel

  14. a 3⁄4 in by 30 in long laminated maple coring dowel

2. We will start by making some square things round. A few tools are needed:

tools to make cue

3. We will use a center finder to mark the center of Maple and Ebony.

building a cue

4. Next we make a pilot hole using an awl and the dead blow hammer.

drilling hole for cue

5. Then we will drill a 3/16 hole in both ends of each piece so we can hold them between centers on the lathe.

drilling cue

6. With the Curly Maple piece mounted in the lathe, we begin to cut it with a router. The wood spins about 200 rpm and the router. with a 3⁄4 in straight carbide bit, spins at 20,000 rpm. The router travels up and down the lathe slowly turning the wood round.


7. The corners are off and things are beginning to take shape.

Lathe 2

8. The piece needs to be about 1 3/8 inch so it will fit in the lathe head stock.


9. Next the Gaboon Ebony is turned round. The chips are piling up on the floor.

more lathe

10. They are round and now they need to be cored.


11. The piece is mounted in the lathe and we switch to the 1⁄2 hp AC motor because this procedure is a little much to ask of the DC motor. I use a 36 in long 3⁄4 in gun drill. Air is is fed through the drill to the tip at 40 psi to keep the drill and wood cool and to blow out the chips as the drill goes through.


12. It takes about 10 minutes to drill all the way through. The gun drill comes out within about 20 thousands of an inch every time. A regular drill would walk off center as it follows variations in the grain, so a regular drill bit cannot be used.

13. Next the 3⁄4 in coring dowel needs to be trued up and turned to .735 to .740 in for clearance.


14. The Curly Maple and Gaboon Ebony are cut to approximate size. The pieces are left to rest for a week or two. This will allow them to acclimate to the shop environment. It is important the all the pieces are at the same moisture level before assembly to prevent movement later.


Read part two here.

Photo: BiblioArchives/Flickr Editor: Dana Gornall

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